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Principles of Evolution

Systems, Species, and the History of Life

Edition:
1st
Author(s):
Jonathan Bard
ISBN:
9780815345398
Format:
Paperback
Publication Date:
September 22, 2016
Content Details:
376 pages
Language:
English

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  • About the Book

    Book Summary

    Principles of Evolution considers evolution in the context of systems biology, a contemporary approach for handling biological complexity. Evolution needs this systems perspective for three reasons. First, most activity in living organisms is driven by complex networks of proteins and this has direct implications, particularly for understanding evo-devo and for seeing how variation is initiated. Second, it provides the natural language for discussing phylogenetic trees. Third, evolutionary change involves events at levels ranging from the genome to the ecosystem and systems biology provides a context for integrating material of this complexity.

    Understanding evolution means, on the one hand, describing the history of life and, on the other, making sense of the principles that drove that history. The solution adopted here is to make the science of evolution the primary focus of the book and place the various parts of the history of life in the context of the research that unpicks it. This means that the history is widely distributed across the text. This concise textbook assumes that the reader has a fair amount of biological knowledge and gives equal weight to all the major themes of evolution: the fossil record, phylogenetics, evodevo, and speciation. Principles of Evolution will therefore be an interesting and thought-provoking read for honors-level undergraduates, and graduates working in the biological sciences.

    Features

      • Gives the fossil, phylogenetic and evo-devo evidence for evolution, together with a full discussion of how selection leads to speciation.
      • Provides a history of life from its origins, through the evolution of the eukaryotic cell, the early phyla and the vertebrates to the diversity of humans as they colonised the world.
      • Incorporates recent systems biology work on the role of normal and mutant protein networks in driving development to show how mutations affecting such networks produce anatomical variants.
      • Includes background chapters on fossil analysis, phylogenetics and basic embryology, together with a brief history of evolution.
      • Requires little mathematics as the treatment of modern evolutionary population genetics focuses on the results and their importance rather than on their derivations.
  • Contents

    SECTION 1: AN INTRODUCTION TO EVOLUTION
    1. Approaching Evolution
    2. A Potted History of Evolutionary Science
    3. Life Today: Species, Diversity, and Classification

    SECTION 2: THE EVIDENCE FOR EVOLUTION
    4. The Fossil Record
    5. Darwinian Descent With Modification: Evolutionary Taxonomy and Cladistics
    6. The Anatomical Evidence for Vertebrate Evolution: From Fish to Birds
    7. The Anatomical Evidence for Vertebrate Evolution: Mammals
    8. The Genomic Evidence for Evolution
    9. The First Three Billion Years of Life: From the First Universal Common Ancestor to the Last Eukaryote Common Ancestor and Beyond
    10. Evo-devo 1: Embryos
    11. Evo-devo 2: The Evidence From Functional Homologies

    SECTION 3: THE MECHANISMS OF EVOLUTION
    12. Variation 1: Populations and Genes
    13. Variation 2: Clades and Networks
    14. Adaptation, Fitness, and Selection
    15. Speciation
    16. Human Evolution
    17. Conclusions

    APPENDICES
    Appendix 1. Systems Biology
    Appendix 2. A History of Evolutionary Thought
    Appendix 3. Rocks, Dates, and Fossils
    Appendix 4. Evolution Versus Creationism

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