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NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids

Vladimir I. Bakhmutov
Publication Date:
April 10, 2015
Content Details:
360 pages

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  • About the Book

    Book Summary

    NMR Spectroscopy in Liquids and Solids provides an introduction of the general concepts behind Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and its applications, including how to perform adequate NMR experiments and interpret data collected in liquids and solids to characterize molecule systems in terms of their structure and dynamics.

    The book is composed of ten chapters. The first three chapters consider the theoretical basis of NMR spectroscopy, the theory of NMR relaxation, and the practice of relaxation measurements. The middle chapters discuss the general aspects of molecular dynamics and their relationships to NMR, NMR spectroscopy and relaxation studies in solutions, and special issues related to NMR in solutions.

    The remaining chapters introduce general principles and strategies involved in solid-state NMR studies, provide examples of applications of relaxation for the determination of molecular dynamics in diamagnetic solids, and discuss special issues related to solid state NMR— including NMR relaxation in paramagnetic solids.

    All chapters are accompanied by references and recommended literature for further reading. Many practical examples of multinuclear NMR and relaxation experiments and their interpretations are also presented. The book is ideal for scientists new to NMR, students, and investigators working in the areas of chemistry, biochemistry, biology, pharmaceutical sciences, or materials science.


      • Describes all the main concepts of NMR and its applications in both solutions and solids
      • Demonstrates how to perform adequate NMR experiments and how to interpret NMR data collected in liquids and solids to characterize them in terms of structure and dynamics
      • Provides an understanding of the NMR strategy to be used relative to the nature of the objects being investigated


      "…a valuable and comprehensive introduction to general concepts behind NMR spectroscopy and a condense overview illustrating the multiple facets of NMR applications in various analytical domains. …compared with the existing literature, this book proposes various insights on unusual NMR topics. From this aspect, it is therefore a worthwhile addition to any up-to-date NMR library."
      —Philippe Lesot, in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

  • Contents

    Physical Basis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
    Nuclei in the External Magnetic Field
    Radio-frequency Irradiation: Continuous Wave and Radio-frequency Pulses
    From Nuclear Relaxation to Shapes of NMR Signals
    Registration of NMR Signals: General Principles and NMR Equipment
    Enhancement of Sensitivity in NMR Experiments
    Two-Dimensional and Multi-Quantum NMR Experiments: General Aspects
    References and Recommended Literature

    Chemical Shift and Nuclear Coupling

    Theory and Practical Consequences
    Phenomenology of Chemical Shift
    Chemical Shifts in the Presence of Unpaired Electrons
    Spin-Spin Coupling
    Dipolar Coupling
    Quadrupolar Coupling
    References and Recommended Literature

    Nuclear Relaxation: Theory and Measurements

    Molecular Motions: Common Characteristics
    Mechanisms of Spin-Spin and Spin-Lattice Nuclear Relaxation
    Spin Diffusion in Solids
    Paramagnetic Relaxation
    Relaxation Time Measurements
    Experiments and Measurements: Errors, Problems, and Artifacts
    Artifacts in Relaxation Time Measurements
    References and Recommended Literature

    NMR and Molecular Dynamics: General Principles

    Kinetics of Chemical Reactions by NMR Spectroscopy
    Chemical Exchange
    Molecular Mobility from Relaxation Times
    NMR Relaxometry: Diffusion Coefficients
    Molecular Dynamics from Low-Field NMR
    References and Recommended Literature

    NMR Spectroscopy in Solutions: Practice
    and Strategies of Structural Studies
    Preparation of NMR Samples: Minimal Requirements
    Structural Studies by Solution NMR: General Strategies and 1D and 2D NMR Experiments
    Conformational (Isomeric) Analysis by NMR in Solutions
    NOE and Residual Dipolar Coupling Measurements in Structural Studies
    References and Recommended Literature

    NMR Relaxation in Solutions: Applications
    Partially Relaxed NMR Spectra: Resolving the Unresolved Signals and Assigning NMR Signals
    Relaxation Times in Solutions: Quadrupolar Coupling Constants and Chemical Shift Anisotropy
    NMR Relaxation and Intermolecular Interactions
    Solvent Relaxation
    Relaxation in Molecular Systems with Chemical Exchanges
    Structural Aspects Obtained from Relaxation in Solutions
    References and Recommended Literature

    Solution NMR: Special Issues

    Optical Isomers in NMR Spectra
    Solution NMR of Biomolecules: General Principles
    Dynamics in Liquids by NMR
    para-Hydrogen and NMR Spectroscopy in Solutions
    Solution NMR Spectroscopy and Heterogeneous Molecular Systems
    Free Radicals in NMR Spectra of Solutions
    References and Recommended Literature

    Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy: General Principles and Strategies

    Detection of NMR Signals in Solids
    General Approaches and Strategies of NMR Studies in Solids
    Increasing Spectral Resolution in Solid-State NMR
    Assignments of Signals
    Multinuclear Solid-State NMR Applications
    References and Recommended Literature

    Molecular Dynamics and Nuclear
    Relaxation in Solids: Applications
    Temperature Control and Calibration in Solid-State NMR
    Unusually Fast Molecular Dynamics in Solids
    Molecular Dynamics in Solids Determined by Full Line-Shape Analysis
    One- and Two-Dimensional Exchange NMR Spectroscopy in Solids: Slow Molecular Dynamics
    Dynamics in Solids by Cross-Polarization NMR Experiments
    Molecular Dynamics in Solids by NMR Relaxation
    Measurements: Common Aspects of Applications
    Dynamics in Heterogeneous and Disordered Solids: NMR Spectra and Relaxation Dispersion
    Dynamics in Solids under High Pressure
    References and Recommended Literature

    Solid-State NMR: Special Issues

    Solid-State NMR of Proteins
    Solid-State NMR in Metals and Alloys
    Porous Diamagnetic Solids: Porosity via NMR Experiments
    Solid-State NMR and Paramagnetic Molecular Systems
    Nuclear Relaxation in Paramagnetic Solids: Applications
    References and Recommended Literature

    Concluding Remark