A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology
- J. Michael Miller, Shelley Miller
- Publication Date:
- April 30, 2017
- Content Details:
- 250 pages
Also of Interest
The face of infectious diseases has changed since the second edition of A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology was published in 1999. Despite improved surveillance and vaccinations, tens of millions of people visit physicians annually for a possible microbial or parasitic infection. Identifying the infectious agent in a patient remains a top priority, and proper identification begins with careful collection, appropriate packaging and transport, and responsible reporting of patient specimens.
For these reasons, A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology is as essential as ever. The book is divided into four sections and features tips and words of wisdom that come directly from experts in the field.
Communicating laboratory needs explains to all members of the healthcare team what role the clinical microbiology laboratory plays in patient care. It also emphasizes that microbiology specimens contain living organisms that require proper handling to remain viable.
Specimen management policies and rationale provides a framework for creating a specimen management policy and a specimen collection and handling manual that, together, support good medicine and good laboratory practice.
Specimen collection and processing contains detailed protocols for selecting, collecting, storing, and transporting adult and pediatric specimens to the clinical microbiology laboratory. This section can serve as a model for preparation of the specimen management manual.
Specimen management summary tables are handy reference guides that provide answers to most questions regarding the laboratory needs for a wide variety of bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic organisms found in patient specimens.
Because patient care is a team effort, all members of the health care teamâ€”physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, specimen collectors, and laboratoriansâ€”will benefit greatly from reading this book.
How To Use This Book
COMMUNICATING LABORATORY NEEDS
Selecting a Representative Specimen
Specimen Packaging and Transport
Color-Coded Vacuum Tubes
Catheters Often Used in Medical Procedures
Specimen Rejection Criteria
Rejection Statements of Addenda to Laboratory Reports
Hand Wash Specimens
SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND RATIONALE
Specimen Processing: General
Specimen Processing: Molecular
Lower Respiratory Tract Specimens
Spinal Fluid Specimens
Throat and Nasopharyngeal Specimens
Vaginal and Endometrial Specimens
SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND PROCESSING
Body Fluid Specimens
Abdominal-Peritoneal Fluid (Paracentesis, Ascites)
Pinworm Eggs Collected by Adhesive Tape Preparation
Rectal and Anal Swab Specimens
Sigmoidoscopy Specimens for Amebiasis
Stool or Feces for Culture or Parasitology Studies
Stool Specimen Collection Directions
Cervical or Endocervical Specimens
Genital Smears for Herpes
Urethral and Penile Specimens
Urine from Catheters
Cytoscopic Specimens: Bilateral Urethral Catheterization
Suprapubic Aspirate for Urine Cultures
Urine Specimens: Bladder Washout
Urine Specimens: Ileal Conduit
Viruses, Chlamydiae, Rickettsiae, and Fungi
Specimens for Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma spp.
Ear (Otitis Media) Specimens
Skin and Contiguous Tissue Specimens
SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT SUMMARY TABLES
Bacteriology and Mycology Specimen Collection Guidelines
Specimen Management for Infrequently Encountered Organisms
Specimen Guide for Virus Isolation
Virology Specimen Collection Guidelines
Parasitology: Anatomic Sites Containing Diagnostic Stages
Parasitology Specimen Collection Guidelines