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A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology

Edition:
3rd
Author(s):
ISBN:
9781555819613
Format:
Paperback
Publication Date:
May 30, 2017
Content Details:
250 pages
Language:
English

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List Price:   Sorry, not available in your region

  

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  • About the Book

    Book Summary

    The face of infectious diseases has changed since the second edition of A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology was published in 1999. Despite improved surveillance and vaccinations, tens of millions of people visit physicians annually for a possible microbial or parasitic infection. Identifying the infectious agent in a patient remains a top priority, and proper identification begins with careful collection, appropriate packaging and transport, and responsible reporting of patient specimens.

    For these reasons, A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology is as essential as ever. The book is divided into four sections and features tips and words of wisdom that come directly from experts in the field.

    Communicating laboratory needs explains to all members of the healthcare team what role the clinical microbiology laboratory plays in patient care. It also emphasizes that microbiology specimens contain living organisms that require proper handling to remain viable.

    Specimen management policies and rationale provides a framework for creating a specimen management policy and a specimen collection and handling manual that, together, support good medicine and good laboratory practice.

    Specimen collection and processing contains detailed protocols for selecting, collecting, storing, and transporting adult and pediatric specimens to the clinical microbiology laboratory. This section can serve as a model for preparation of the specimen management manual.

    Specimen management summary tables are handy reference guides that provide answers to most questions regarding the laboratory needs for a wide variety of bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic organisms found in patient specimens.

    Because patient care is a team effort, all members of the health care team—physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, specimen collectors, and laboratorians—will benefit greatly from reading this book.

    Features

      Provides complete, concise information on the unique needs of the microbiology laboratory regarding specimen management. Covers correct procedures of specimen selection, collection, transport, and storage in the clinical microbiology laboratory, the rationale associated with the specimen requirements, and proper communication between the lab and its clients.

  • Contents

    Preface

    How To Use This Book

    SECTION I

    COMMUNICATING LABORATORY NEEDS

    Basic Issues

    Selecting a Representative Specimen

    Requisitions

    Specimen Packaging and Transport

    Color-Coded Vacuum Tubes

    Catheters Often Used in Medical Procedures

    Specimen Priority

    Specimen Rejection Criteria

    Rejection Statements of Addenda to Laboratory Reports

    Specialty Testing

    Environmental Samples

    Hand Wash Specimens

    Laboratory Reports

    SECTION II

    SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND RATIONALE

    Collection Times

    Collection Procedures

    Specimen Transport

    Specimen Processing: General

    Specimen Processing: Molecular

    Lower Respiratory Tract Specimens

    Urine Specimens

    Wound Specimens

    Spinal Fluid Specimens

    Throat and Nasopharyngeal Specimens

    Vaginal and Endometrial Specimens

    Miscellaneous Specimens

    SECTION III

    SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND PROCESSING

    Body Fluid Specimens

    Abdominal-Peritoneal Fluid (Paracentesis, Ascites)

    Blood Specimens

    Cerebrospinal Fluid

    Pleural-Thoracentesis Fluid

    Gastrointestinal Specimens

    Duodenal Contents

    Gastric Contents

    Pinworm Eggs Collected by Adhesive Tape Preparation

    Rectal and Anal Swab Specimens

    Sigmoidoscopy Specimens for Amebiasis

    Stool or Feces for Culture or Parasitology Studies

    Stool Specimen Collection Directions

    Genital Specimens

    General Information

    Cervical or Endocervical Specimens

    Genital Smears for Herpes

    Urethral and Penile Specimens

    Respiratory Specimens

    General Information

    Bronchoscopy-Bronchial Washing

    Nasal Specimens

    Nasopharyngeal Specimens

    Sputum

    Tracheal Aspirate

    Transtracheal Aspirate

    Throat Specimens

    Urine Specimens

    General Information

    Urine from Catheters

    Clean-Catch Urine

    Cytoscopic Specimens: Bilateral Urethral Catheterization

    Suprapubic Aspirate for Urine Cultures

    Urine Specimens: Bladder Washout

    Urine Specimens: Ileal Conduit

    Viruses, Chlamydiae, Rickettsiae, and Fungi

    Chlamydia Culture

    Specimens for Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma spp.

    Fungal Specimens

    Rickettsial Specimens

    Viral Specimens

    Wound Specimens

    General Information

    Ear (Otitis Media) Specimens

    Eye Specimens

    Skin and Contiguous Tissue Specimens

    SECTION IV

    SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT SUMMARY TABLES

    Bacteriology and Mycology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    Specimen Management for Infrequently Encountered Organisms

    Specimen Guide for Virus Isolation

    Virology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    Parasitology: Anatomic Sites Containing Diagnostic Stages

    Parasitology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    References

    Index