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A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology

Edition:
3rd
Author(s):
J. Michael Miller, Shelley Miller
ISBN:
9781555819613
Format:
Paperback
Publication Date:
April 30, 2017
Content Details:
250 pages
Language:
English

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  • About the Book

    Book Summary

    A Guide to Specimen Management in Clinical Microbiology is the classic reference that addresses and meets the needs of everyone in the “total testing process” circle. It provides complete, concise information on the unique needs of the microbiology laboratory regarding specimen management and is the only single source for the specimen management policies required for laboratory results that are accurate, significant, and clinically relevant.

    Medical, nursing, and medical technology students, practicing physicians, private practice offices, clinical laboratories, and public health laboratories can turn to this valuable resource to answer their questions on issues such as the correct procedures of specimen selection, collection, transport, and storage in the clinical microbiology laboratory, the rationale associated with the specimen requirements, and proper communication between the lab and its clients.

  • Contents

    Preface

    How To Use This Book

    SECTION I

    COMMUNICATING LABORATORY NEEDS

    Basic Issues

    Selecting a Representative Specimen

    Requisitions

    Specimen Packaging and Transport

    Color-Coded Vacuum Tubes

    Catheters Often Used in Medical Procedures

    Specimen Priority

    Specimen Rejection Criteria

    Rejection Statements of Addenda to Laboratory Reports

    Specialty Testing

    Environmental Samples

    Hand Wash Specimens

    Laboratory Reports

    SECTION II

    SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND RATIONALE

    Collection Times

    Collection Procedures

    Specimen Transport

    Specimen Processing: General

    Specimen Processing: Molecular

    Lower Respiratory Tract Specimens

    Urine Specimens

    Wound Specimens

    Spinal Fluid Specimens

    Throat and Nasopharyngeal Specimens

    Vaginal and Endometrial Specimens

    Miscellaneous Specimens

    SECTION III

    SPECIMEN COLLECTION AND PROCESSING

    Body Fluid Specimens

    Abdominal-Peritoneal Fluid (Paracentesis, Ascites)

    Blood Specimens

    Cerebrospinal Fluid

    Pleural-Thoracentesis Fluid

    Gastrointestinal Specimens

    Duodenal Contents

    Gastric Contents

    Pinworm Eggs Collected by Adhesive Tape Preparation

    Rectal and Anal Swab Specimens

    Sigmoidoscopy Specimens for Amebiasis

    Stool or Feces for Culture or Parasitology Studies

    Stool Specimen Collection Directions

    Genital Specimens

    General Information

    Cervical or Endocervical Specimens

    Genital Smears for Herpes

    Urethral and Penile Specimens

    Respiratory Specimens

    General Information

    Bronchoscopy-Bronchial Washing

    Nasal Specimens

    Nasopharyngeal Specimens

    Sputum

    Tracheal Aspirate

    Transtracheal Aspirate

    Throat Specimens

    Urine Specimens

    General Information

    Urine from Catheters

    Clean-Catch Urine

    Cytoscopic Specimens: Bilateral Urethral Catheterization

    Suprapubic Aspirate for Urine Cultures

    Urine Specimens: Bladder Washout

    Urine Specimens: Ileal Conduit

    Viruses, Chlamydiae, Rickettsiae, and Fungi

    Chlamydia Culture

    Specimens for Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma spp.

    Fungal Specimens

    Rickettsial Specimens

    Viral Specimens

    Wound Specimens

    General Information

    Ear (Otitis Media) Specimens

    Eye Specimens

    Skin and Contiguous Tissue Specimens

    SECTION IV

    SPECIMEN MANAGEMENT SUMMARY TABLES

    Bacteriology and Mycology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    Specimen Management for Infrequently Encountered Organisms

    Specimen Guide for Virus Isolation

    Virology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    Parasitology: Anatomic Sites Containing Diagnostic Stages

    Parasitology Specimen Collection Guidelines

    References

    Index